[Ubuntu] Use nano

  1. Show line when use nano

    nano -c file.txt
  2. Go to specify line

    nano -c +2 file.txt  // Go to line 2

 

 

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[Redis] Setup redis with Rails

  1. Install Gemfile
    gem 'redis'
    gem 'redis-namespace'
  2. Create file config: redis.yml
    development:
       host: hdev01
       port: 6479
       db: 0
       namespace: 4travel
  3. Create function for load file config
    def redis_config
      @redis_config ||= YAML.load(File.open(Rails.root.join("config/redis.yml"))).symbolize_keys[Rails.env.to_sym].symbolize_keys
    end
  4. Create namspace redis with function config

    def redis
      @redis ||= Redis::Namespace.new(redis_config[:namespace], :redis => Redis.new(redis_config))
    end
  5. Use redis to set and get data

    #set data
    redis.set(key, value, ex: expiration_time)
    
    #get data
    redis.keys('*').grep(...) # get all keys and use grep to filter

[Rails] Check request is_bot or not

def is_bot?(request)
 agent = request.env["HTTP_USER_AGENT"]
 # agent = request.user_agent
 matches = nil
 matches = agent.match(/(facebook|postrank|voyager|twitterbot|googlebot|slurp|butterfly|pycurl|tweetmemebot|metauri|evrinid|reddit|digg)/mi) if agent
 if ( agent.nil? or matches)
   return true
 else
   return false
 end
end

Another code:

def is_bot?
  http_user_agent = request.env["HTTP_USER_AGENT"] || ""

  begin
    ua = ""
    ua = URI.decode(http_user_agent)
  rescue
  end

  browser = Browser.new(ua: ua)
  return browser.bot?
end

Example:

1 example Googlebot smartphone user-agent

Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 6.0.1; Nexus 5X Build/MMB29P) 
AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/41.0.2272.96 
Mobile Safari/537.36 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +
http://www.google.com/bot.html)

We use agent.match(/(facebook|twitterbot|googlebot)/mi), it will search in user-agent string, find text match googlebot. 

/mi: search downcase and upcase

without /mi: search exactly with googlebot (Googlebot is not match)

Use grep command line

1.  Use grep to filter command line history

history | grep 'text'

 

2. Search text in all file of folder

grep -rnw '/path/to/folder/' -e 'text-to-search'
  • -r or -R is recursive,
  • -n is line number, and
  • -w stands for match the whole word.
  • -l (lower-case L) can be added to just give the file name of matching files.

 

3. Find files with name

find | grep "name_file"

 

4. Search texts with no contain char

grep(/^abc(?!e).*/)

Ex:

array = [“abcdx”, “abcex”, “abcfx”]

array.grep(/^abc(?!e).*/) => [“abcdx”, “abcfx”]

[Redis] Add 1 more port for Redis

  • Create a new redis .conf file
cp /etc/redis.conf /etc/redis_6479.conf
  • Edit /etc/redis_6479.conf
#modify pidfile
#pidfile /var/run/redis/redis.pid
pidfile /var/run/redis/redis_6479.pid

...
#modify port
#port 6379
port 6479

...
#modify logfile
#logfile /var/log/redis/redis.log
logfile /var/log/redis/redis_6479.log
  • Copy init script
cp /etc/init.d/redis /etc/init.d/redis_6479
  • and edit init script
...
pidfile="/var/run/redis/redis_6479.pid"
REDIS_CONFIG="/etc/redis_6479.conf"
  • Start 1 more redis with port 6479
sudo /etc/init.d/redis_6479 start

# or check status, restart
sudo /etc/init.d/redis_6479 status
sudo /etc/init.d/redis_6479 restart
  • Check port is running of redis:
ps aux |grep redis

grep-redis-port

Use “alias” in Linux

In file “~/.bash_profile“, we can use alias to define keyword shorter to run app faster 🙂

Example: In server has been installed redis. To run redis-server we must run command “/opt/redis/latest/bin/redis-server”. We can use alias in “~/.bash_profile“:

alias redis-server="/opt/redis/latest/bin/redis-server"

And with redis-cli we must run command: “/opt/redis/latest/bin/redis-cli”. We can use alias:

alias redis-cli="/opt/redis/latest/bin/redis-cli"

And now, we can type redis-server or redis-cli in terminal instead of long command: “/opt/redis/latest/bin/redis-server” and “/opt/redis/latest/bin/redis-cli”.

 

When we added alias to “~/.bash_profile“, we can reload “~/.bash_profile” by the way:

. ~/.bash_profile

 

Change the Command-Line Prompt Colour in the Ubuntu/Linux Terminal

First, open file bashrc

gedit ~/.bashrc

Find line has text: if [ “$color_prompt” = yes ]; then

Copy context in if clause and paste to else clause

Save, close and reopen terminal. 🙂

Optional information:

Black 0;30 – Dark Gray 1;30 – Blue 0;34 – Light Blue 1;34 – Green 0;32 – Light Green1;32 – Cyan 0;36 – Light Cyan 1;36 – Red 0;31 – Light Red 1;31 – Purple 0;35 – Light Purple 1;35 – Brown 0;33 – Yellow 1;33 – Light Gray 0;37 – White 1;37

 

[Linux] Using the Vim editor

Commands that switch the editor to insert mode

  • a will append: it moves the cursor one position to the right before switching to insert mode
  • i will insert
  • o will insert a blank line under the current cursor position and move the cursor to that line.
  • Esc key switches back to command mode.

Pressing the Esc key switches back to command mode. If you’re not sure what mode you’re in because you use a really old version of vi that doesn’t display an “INSERT” message, type Esc and you’ll be sure to return to command mode. It is possible that the system gives a little alert when you are already in command mode when hitting Esc, by beeping or giving a visual bell (a flash on the screen). This is normal behavior.

Basic operations

These are some popular vi commands:

  • n dd will delete n lines starting from the current cursor position.
  • n dw will delete n words at the right side of the cursor.
  • x will delete the character on which the cursor is positioned
  • :n moves to line n of the file.
  • :w will save (write) the file
  • :q will exit the editor.
  • :q! forces the exit when you want to quit a file containing unsaved changes.
  • :wq will save and exit
  • :w newfile will save the text to newfile.
  • :wq! overrides read-only permission (if you have the permission to override permissions, for instance when you are using the root account.
  • /astring will search the string in the file and position the cursor on the first match below its position.
  • / will perform the same search again, moving the cursor to the next match.
  • :1, $s/word/anotherword/g will replace word with anotherword throughout the file.
  • yy will copy a block of text.
  • n p will paste it n times.
  • :recover will recover a file after an unexpected interruption.

Refer: http://www.tldp.org/LDP/intro-linux/html/sect_06_02.html